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U. S. Government Data Resources

US Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics:
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has a comprehensive web site that provides timely and accurate information about labor economics and labor statistics.

Occupational Outlook Handbook

Updated every two years, the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Handbook provides career information and projections across an extensive range of occupations, including social work. Information is provided about necessary training and qualifications; salary; job projections; "on the job" descriptions; and working conditions.

The following pages on the BLS web site provide national salary data, as well as some data on metropolitan areas/states with highest concentration of workers and the highest salaries:

Other BLS Resource of General Interest:

Job Banks

Career Center with job bank offered by the National Association of Social Workers.


Job search site for positions in the social service sector; easy to use and current.
Social Service.com job site

Journal Articles

Social Work 2001, Jan: 46(1):9-19
Nature of work and future of the social work profession.
Reisch M, Gorin SH.
Article evaluates economic trends affecting employment patterns and the implication for social work profession, including recommendations for curricula.

Social Work 2003, Jan; 48(1):9-19
Social work labor market: a first look. Barth MC .
Given gap in literature on social work labor market, article suggests development of program for research and data collection to support analysis of the social work labor market. Discusses the impact the absence of data has on depressed social work wages.

Health Soc Work. 2002 Nov;27(4):274-84.
Social work in restructuring hospitals: program management five years later.
Globerman J, White J, McDonald G.
Ontario Canada study of hospital mergers and restructuring as they affected social work profession. Key finding that social work practice had come under the auspice of multiple disciplines and thus the need for social work profession to document their contributions to health.

Social Work. 1998 Nov;43(6):551-66.
Occupational social work for the 21st century. Iversen R.R.
Explores the impact of economics and welfare restructuring and subsequent employment related needs for urban women, members of racial and ethnic minority groups, and youths. Makes recommendations for occupational social work practice in this arena.

Social Work. 2003, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 22 - 32.
So How Far Have We Come? Pestilent and Persistent Gender Gap in Pay. Gibelman, M.
Study reports the 1998 year-end analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics data on salary disparities between women and men in social work.

Social Work. 2004, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 309 - 317
Gender-Based Salary Inequity in Social Work: Mediators of Gender's Effect on Salary
Koeske, G. and Krowinski, W.
Authors use a path analysis to test salary disparities between women and men in social work.